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Are you wondering about the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings? Commercial buildings are an excellent investment opportunity with substantial financial reward potential. However, they also require a considerable commitment in terms of money and resources. On top of that, commercial buildings attract stricter regulations when compared to residential structures.
Therefore, a commercial building project might seem overwhelming at first. However, familiarizing yourself with the process can help things become clearer. If you want information about constructing a new commercial building, below are some key steps you should know about.
The Planning Stage
A typical construction schedule for commercial buildings starts with planning. It’s the most critical phase of the construction process – even before construction begins. It also determines whether your project will succeed, as flaws can lead to costly delays or disasters such as building collapse.
The planning phase involves many steps, including finding the right location for your building. You’ll also need to verify that the site is ideal for your project. Therefore, additional tasks are required, such as ascertaining zoning laws and regulations, conducting surveys, environmental assessment, soil testing, etc.
When looking for a location, you’ll also need to consider other vital factors, for example, the availability of water lines and sewerage. In some areas, these utilities may be unavailable or too overextended. Therefore, you may have to develop creative solutions, such as sinking a well or hiring a septic design service to build a commercial septic system.
Besides the location, other vital steps in the planning stage include setting a budget and acquiring permits for your project. Additionally, you’ll need to develop the design for the building, which will mean hiring an architect. You also need to hire other contractors, such as a general contractor and other contractors, such as plumbers and electricians, and the materials and equipment required for the project.
After the planning phase is completed, the actual construction can begin. Like any other project, the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings starts with a groundbreaking. Next comes site clearing to remove vegetation and make the land ready for the work to begin.
Also, you may need to build temporary facilities for material and equipment storage while preparing the site. Your management teams and other workers on the site will also need facilities like offices for meetings, breakrooms, and washroom facilities.
Other vital steps during the site preparation phase include the exaction, which offers the platform for laying the foundation. The excavation is also often accompanied by installing a drainage system to prevent flooding on the site during construction. You’ll also need to install utilities such as electricity, water, gas, and sewerage.
During the site preparation stage, you can hire contractors to install private utilities for your commercial building. For example, you can hire a water well driller to dig a well if the site has no public water line, or if you’re looking for a backup water supply source. Other private utilities include a septic tank, a drain field, and a backup power generator.
Laying the Foundation
Like any other structure, a typical construction schedule for commercial buildings involves laying the foundation. It is one of the most critical elements of commercial building construction. This is because such buildings usually have more square footage. Therefore, you need a sturdy and robust foundation that can hold the weight without compromising its structural integrity.
When constructing a commercial building, you can consider several types of foundations. Top choices include a T-Shaped, raft, slab-on-grade, spread footing, and grillage foundation, among others. It can also be deep into the ground or shallow. The choice of the foundation to use will depend on the particulars of your building, such as the square footage, the number of stories, the floor layout, the location of load-bearing walls, etc.
Additionally, when laying the foundation, you need to strengthen it to guarantee its structural integrity. Top tips for improving the foundation include using steel reinforcement, allowing the concrete to cure properly, and proper finishing. You can also protect your building’s foundation by waterproofing it and installing an excellent drainage system.
Erecting the Framing
After the walls, framing is the next step in the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings. The frame is the skeleton of your building, and it’s what brings it to life. It also helps in ensuring the structural integrity of your building, making it another vital component of commercial construction.
Framing involves several components starting with the floors, which provide the horizontal frame structure. In most cases, concrete slabs are used for flooring in commercial buildings. However, other top materials include steel and wood frames. The choice of the frame will depend on the structure (size, weight, height, etc.) and your preference and budget considerations.
Besides the floors, walls are another vital component of commercial building framing. These include exterior walls, interior load-bearing walls, and interior non-load-bearing walls. Like with the floors, there are several options regarding the types of walls you can use. Top options include concrete, metal, brick, wood, glass, precast, frames, etc. But, again, your choice will depend on the type of building you are constructing, your budget, and your design preference.
Installing the Roof
Roof installation is another critical step that is involved in the construction of a commercial building. The roof protects your property from the elements, helps insulate it, and is vital for its aesthetic appeal. Additionally, the roof is also essential where the structural integrity of the building is concerned – a poor roof can collapse or cause structural issues with the walls, ceiling, and foundation.
Given the importance of the roof, it is vital to hire a reputable roofing company for the job when constructing a commercial building. You should also select an excellent roofing system that will improve the aesthetics and functionality of your structure. Examples of commercial roofing systems include flat concrete roofs, metal roofs, roof shingles, membrane roofing, built-up roofing, etc.
However, several other roofing systems are increasingly used in commercial buildings. For example, glass roofing is very popular in commercial structures due to its beauty, improved natural light, better energy efficiency, and reduced noise pollution. Other roofing options you can consider include a solar roof and a green roof – both of which are great options if you are looking for sustainability.
Installation of Plumbing, Electrical, and HVAC Systems
Another critical step in the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings is the installation of plumbing, electrical, and HVAC systems. These utilities are vital for creating comfortable environments for the building occupants. They can also have a significant impact on the health and safety of the building, making their proper installation necessary.
Starting with the plumbing system, you need to hire a professional plumber to install plumbing lines to all the necessary parts of the building. Besides the water pipes, your contractor should install plumbing fixtures such as sinks and faucets, toilets, and bathrooms if required. Lastly, your property must be connected to the drainage system for proper wastewater disposal.
Likewise, you need to hire an electrical contractor to do commercial wiring for your building. Besides the wiring, you also need to install electrical outlets and light fixtures. Additionally, it would be wise to hire an electrician during the installation of electrical equipment like CCTV systems and machinery to guarantee the utmost safety for your building.
Cooling and heating installation is another vital aspect of commercial building construction. For this, you’ll need a good commercial HVAC unit that can regulate the temperature of the entire building. On top of that, you need to install air vents and insulation to help with airflow and temperature regulation.
The Interior Finishing
Interior finishes are another critical step in the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings. These are the final touches that help improve your property’s aesthetic appeal. However, they also offer several functional benefits, such as protecting your building from water damage, corrosion, abrasion, wear and tear, etc.
The floor is one of the top areas for interior finishes for your commercial building. There are several floor finishing options you can choose from. These include polished or stained concrete, vinyl, hardwood, laminate, tiles, and rubber. Of course, you can also install carpet in your commercial building – or even combine a mixture of flooring materials.
The walls are another vital area when finishing the interior of your commercial building. Top options for interior wall finishes include painted concrete, wood, metal, tiles, brick stucco, drywall, glass, etc. However, you can also experiment with emerging commercial interior wall finishes such as wallpapers, custom graphics, 3D panels, wood panels, and bamboo panels.
Besides the walls and floors, other interior finishes include ceilings, windows, and doors. You’ll also need to do some final touches, such as sound insulation of the walls and installing decor items. On top of that, you may need to partition the building and install furniture depending on how the building will be used.
Finishing the Exteriors
Exterior finishing is another essential phase in the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings. These finishes have many benefits, from protecting your building against the elements to improving your property’s security and curb appeal.
Like interior finishes, the walls are a vital part of exterior finishes for your commercial building. You can consider several options for your external wall, including painted concrete, stucco finishing, metal panels, and wood panels. Other options include using glass walls, a live (green) wall, or installing sidings.
Apart from the walls, landscaping is another crucial step in the exterior finishing of your commercial building. Top landscaping ideas include planting grass, flowers, and trees around your building, which can help to improve its curb appeal and create relaxing green outdoor spaces. Additionally, you can improve the functionality of your outdoor spaces by installing walkways, driveways, and parking lots.
Lastly, when doing exterior finishing, you should also consider enhancing the security of your property. For example, you can install a fence and controlled access points such as manned gates, smart or biometric doors, etc. You can also beef up the security of your property with outdoor security cameras and security lighting.
Removal of Construction Waste
Another critical step in commercial building construction is construction waste cleanup. During construction, much waste is produced, which is unsightly and a health and safety hazard. Therefore, you must eliminate it before your building is ready for occupation.
One of the best ways to deal with construction waste is to hire a waste removal company. Hiring these experts guarantees the safe removal of debris from your construction site. It also helps to save time, thus avoiding delays in your projects. You can even increase the efficiency of the waste removal by hiring roll off dumpsters, which the waste removers will pick up for disposal once they are full.
Another idea for waste removal is a construction dumpster rental. You can then dispose of the waste yourself once the dumpster is full. However, this can bring challenges, especially if you don’t know where to dispose of the waste safely. Luckily, most dumpster rental companies also offer waste disposal services, which you can leverage to help clean up your site.
Getting the Building Ready for Occupation
The final key step in the typical construction schedule for commercial buildings is preparing the property for occupation. First, you should review the entire property to ensure everything has been done to your preference. You should also consider hiring an inspector to assess critical aspects such as structural integrity, plumbing and electrical systems, fire safety compliance, etc.
Next, you need to purchase a commercial building insurance policy. This will help protect your property against eventualities such as fire, theft, natural disaster, etc. You should also consider other insurance options, such as liability insurance, to protect you against third-party injuries on your property.
Lastly, you should make a plan for renting or leasing out your commercial building. While you can do this yourself, you’re better off hiring a property management company. This is because professional property managers help streamline the leasing and renting process and the rent collection. They also handle repairs, maintenance, and tenant complaints, leaving you with fewer hassles.
The typical construction schedule for commercial buildings can seem overwhelming, given how involved it can be. However, with the above guidelines, you now have a better understanding of what is involved in constructing a commercial building. The tips above can also guarantee your project’s success, with as few problems as possible along the way.